OECD PCD assessment __ Donors are key target group

oecd-newlogoDonors should have a good look how their policies impact on food security in developing countries - concluded the OECD consultation on assessment methodology for OECD policy impact.

More specifically the workshop - held together with the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) - focused on developing a methodology to assess impact of OECD policies relating to the food security situation in developing countries. Participants were experts in policy coherence for development (PCD) and methodology. The Platform secretariat attended and posts this report.

//  Purpose of the methodology

The aim of the methodology is to help OECD countries in pursuing their PCD policy objectives through providing evidence for policy change domestically and for development programme design at country level. It was also intended to enable partner countries to assess and design responses to the impacts of external policies and provide an evidence base to advocate for stronger development coherence.

Since there was a trend to an emerging global biofuels market and a shift from policy-driven to market-driven biofuels, an urgent need was seen for close and proactive coordination of food security, biofuel/bioenergy policies and energy policies at national and international levels, as well as for rapid crisis response mechanisms. Creating an enabling, responsible climate for food and nonfood investments compatible with food security is part of this equation.

In the long term, findings from impact analysis could add nuance to public debate, improved policymaking, development effectiveness and budgetary spending.

Watch interview with Quentin de Roquefeuil, Policy Officer in ECDPM's Food Security Programme, on the initiative of OECD and ECDPM to develop a new methodology.

//  Background

OECD plays an important role in informing discussions on PCD. This stems from the premise that not only official development assistance but also nondevelopment policies of OECD member countries (e.g. agriculture, trade, investment) can impact on developing countries. Recent discussions suggest that a focus on specific policy areas, such as food security would provide a useful complement to the analysis of general PCD approaches. In this context OECD contracted ECDPM to develop the methodology described above.

//  Key points

  • The assessment should start at country-level__ It was agreed to start with a country analysis with local researchers and stakeholders to assess the food security situation. After that, it could be analysed which policy had an impact on the situation and whether it is rather an external or own government policy
  • Donors are the major target group for the assessment__ The results of the impact analysis are supposed to help donors improve policy coherence in their own countries. It should also be discussed whether negative impacts of OECD policies could be mitigated by donor programmes
  • Developing country policies should be considered as well__ Developing country governments should be encouraged to look at their own policies
  • Food security indicators are needed to provide evidence__ A comprehensive set of indicators is to be developed to analyse the food and nutrition security situation in the concerned partner country. By applying those indicators it is intended to provide evidence to policymakers
  • Ownership of assessment should be on national level__ There was consensus to involve local researchers and stakeholders to ensure national and local ownership. The consultation of local stakeholders was also important to make choices more relevant to the country

//  Conclusions and next steps

Overall, the workshop produced numerous insights to work on methodology. After revision of the methodology, a pilot impact assessment will be conducted which will then lead to a validation and dissemination workshop for developing the final methodology.

The Platform will track the different phases of the methodology development and provide information via the website.

// Download

Secretariat BTOR__ PDF

+ 0
+ 0


IFAD regional learning event__ Scaling up in ARD in Africa

ifad thumbTogether with members IFAD and World Bank the Platform coorganises this event in Addis Abeba on 18-20 June.

All member organisations of the Platform are invited to take part in IFAD's regional learning event on scaling up in agriculture and rural development in Africa. The event will provide an opportunity to learn from scaling up experiences on the ground, apply scaling up methodology to key ARD subsectors and formally launch the scaling up community of practice.

//  Background

At the World Bank SDN 2013 conference, IFAD announced a lauch of an umbrella programme for systematic support of the implementation of the next phase of IFAD scaling up agenda. The programme would involve a multitrack approach to change management, including:

  • Proactive support to the elaboration of country level framework for scaling up
  • Exploring different entry points to corporate capacity development
  • Focused approach to partnership building and outreach for resource mobilisation in support of IFAD regional programmes, to expand the community of practice and learning alliance for scaling up

//  Agenda

 The following sessions will be held at the regional learning event in Addis Abeba in June:

  • June 18__  Regional conference on scaling up in ARD sector: concepts and issues, experiences and the way forward
  • June 19__ Panel discussions on scaling up key thematic areas of relevance to Africa's ARD sector development: what works, what does not and why in the areas of:
    • Land tenure
    • Inclusive commodity value chains, and linking smallholder farmers to markets
    • Scaling up climate change adaptation
    • Public-Private Partnerships in the ARD sector
  • June 20__  Scaling up write-shop

//  Interview with Cheikh Sourang

Ahead of the event, the Platform secretariat conducted an interview with Cheikh Sourang, who is Senior Programme Manager at IFAD's Knowledge and Strategy Department, to provide "first-hand" insights about the main challenges in implementing the scaling-up approach. Cheikh Sourang shares information about the methods and instruments of IFAD's scaling up initiative and speaks about examples of how scaling up works in the development field, highlighting such aspects of the scaling up process such as the development of a knowledge base and building up of learning alliance.

// Download

Draft agenda__ PDF

// Source

IFAD Regional Learning Event__ Scaling up in agriculture and rural development in Africa

+ 0
+ 0


AfDB__ Multidonor agriculture fast track fund established

AfDBRecognising a huge lack of funding for the development of agriculture production and infrastructure projects in Africa, AfDB launches a project preparation fund focused exclusively on agriculture.

//  Securing adequate financing for the agriculture sector

The Agriculture Fast Track is a multidonor trust fund managed by the African Development Bank and developed with the support of the United States Government, through the US Agency for International Development and the Government of Sweden. The project builds on previous G8 and G20 commitments under the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition by supporting sustainable and socially beneficial food security projects. It is planned to be a demand driven, efficient fund that will ‘fast track’ promising agricultural ideas and businesses into bankable investments for uptake by development finance institutions as well as commercial financial institutions serving the African continent.

// Eligible countries

In the initial phase, the focus of the Trust Fund will be on a small subset of countries (i.e. Tanzania, Ghana, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Cote d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso) that have entered into agreement with the G20 countries to refine their policies in order to improve investment opportunities and accelerate the implementation of their country‐led Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) plans on food security.

//  Area of focus

The AFT will provide grant funding for the initial project development costs of a broad range of agriculture infrastructure projects spanning the entire value chain – from production to market. These can emanate from the private or public sector and from local or international businesses. The emphasis will be on projects that contribute to food security and support to smallholders.

Examples of the types of support the Agriculture Fast Track can provide to projects include:

  • An environmental/hydrological study for an irrigation system that would support smallholder vegetable production.
  • A marketing plan for a hulling facility supported by a nucleus farm and corresponding out-grower scheme, which will create stronger market linkages for smallholders.
  • An engineering study to establish a power source for an extraction and refining center; a center which would provide inputs and training to allow new smallholder farmers to enter the supply chain.

// Download

Establishment of a Multi-Donor Agriculture Fast Track Fund__ PDF

AFT Overview__ PDF

// Source

AfDB website

+ 0
+ 0


Oxfam__ Little we know about the MDGs

oxfam thumbOxfam’s renown blogger Duncan Green provides key data leads for the MDG debate that are not known generally.

For a long time such important aspect of the MDG debates like the size and quality of public spending could not be converted into the real data and numbers. To fill this gap, Oxfam teamed up with an NGO Development Finance international and development and came out with the new initiative to examine planned and actual spending of the governments in seven sectors, disaggregated by types (recurrent and capital), and sources of funds (government revenue or donor funding).

//  Government spending watch

Working with a network of government officials, DFI has pulled together and analysed the budgets of 52 low and middle income countries (with another 34 to follow), to find out the size and quality of public spending. The findings of the project named Government Spending Watch were summarised in the report "Progress at Risk" (to be published later this year).

//  GSW key findings

  • Most countries have been increasing revenue and spending as a % of GDP, but this is now going into reverse
  • The sources of government finances have shifted from grants to loans, including more expensive domestic borrowing, raising fears about growing debt burdens (although no new debt crisis is imminent)
  • Countries with IMF programmes have raised less revenue, are cutting deficits faster and have seen less positive trends in MDG spending. Agriculture and health spending are now much higher as a percentage of GDP, and education and social protection spending are rising faster in non-IMF countries. Other MDG sector spending is stagnating compared with GDP or total spending.
  • For all MDGs, the vast majority of developing countries are spending much less than they have promised or than international organisations have estimated is needed. Only one third of countries are meeting any education or health goals, and less than 30 per cent are meeting agriculture and WASH goals. Trends have been even less positive for gender and sustainable development.
  • Some of the spending has been funded by rapidly growing aid – especially in education, health, WASH and agriculture. Progress in these areas is threatened as OECD aid flows are now declining in real terms, and are increasingly moving away from MDG sectors to infrastructure and growth.
  • In most countries, actual spending is substantially less than the amounts announced in budgets (see table). This is particularly true in the health, agriculture and WASH sectors, reflecting delays in donor funding, and absorptive capacity problems in sector ministries and decentralised government agencies.
  • Types of spending show two worrying patterns. Some sectors (WASH and agriculture) are dominated by investment, raising the need to increase recurrent spending dramatically to maintain buildings and equipment. Others (education, health and social protection) are dominated by recurrent spending on wages and supplies. Especially if donors reduce budget support, which funds much recurrent spending in many countries, governments will need to make even greater revenue efforts to maintain recurrent spending and keep delivering progress.

//  Relevant studies

Overseas Development Institute (ODI) has also reviewed government expenditure and the feasibility of meeting sectoral spending targets and came to the similar findings:

  • Government spending on key development sectors is falling short of spending targets in many developing countries
  • Even total government expenditure would not, in most cases, be enough to meet the agreed spending targets
  • A silo approach to sector financing means that development sectors compete for resources and this has the potential to undermine good public finance management

//  Download

GSW Project summary__ PDF

MDG Spending (Executive summary)__ PDF

ODI Project briefing__ PDF

//  Source

Duncan Greens Blog

+ 0
+ 0


WFO__ First international trade policy

WFOFarm leaders from over 50 countries support international trade principles, developed by the World Farmers Organisation.

During the third WFO General Assembly held in Niigata, Japan on April 15-18 2013, the WFO members committed to the pursuit of ambitious trade policy objectives and the reinforcement of the global agricultural trading system so that farmers can operate in a fair, transparent and predictable trading environment.

//  Policy objectives

To ensure that agriculture can fulfill its wider role, the WFO committed to following objectives for international trade:

  • The parallel elimination of all forms of export subsidies and disciplines on all export measures with equivalent effect
  • Improved market access
  • A substantial reduction in trade-distorting domestic support
  • Special and differential treatment for developing countries and least developing countries
  • Strengthened rules applied to export prohibition/restriction and export taxes
  • Proper protection of geographical indications as provided for under the WTO agreement on trade in intellectual property (TRIPS) and recognition of country-of-origin requirements that allows countries to distinguish their products without distorting trade.

At the same time, actions and agreements towards achieving these objectives should be WTO compatible and also respect the Guiding Principles outlined in the WFO international trade policy.

//  About World Farmers Organisation

The WFO brings together national agricultural producer organisations and farmer-owned cooperative organisations to create policies and advocate on world farmers’ behalf, in order to improve the economic situation and livelihood of producers, their families and their rural communities. WFO members include 50 farmer organisations from about 40 different countries of Europe, North America, Latin america, Africa, as well as Australia. Asian farmer organisations are represented by Japan, South Korea and Cambodia.

//  Download

WFO international trade policy__ PDF

//  Source

World Farmers Organisation

+ 0
+ 0

Page 3 of 16