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Discussion paper__ CAADP framework is important for success of development corridors in Africa

ECDPMAgriculture corridors in Mozambique and Tanzania had not benefited the majority of population. Implementation of CAADP framework could help to ensure that smallholders benefit more, the authors suggest.


// Development corridors

Development corridors have a potential to target an increasingly wide array of policy challenges, with an increasing focus on agriculture. They aim to increase regional trade through better physical and soft infrastructures, improve markets for agricultural inputs and outputs, set out agricultural investment opportunities, engage with international investors, and promote the integration of small-scale producers into international value chains. Recent ECDPM study done by Bruce Byiers in collaboration with Francesco Rampa looks at the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) and Maputo Development corridors and their roles in addressing constraints to market integration for agricultural producers.

// Two sides of a coin

Consequences of corridor developments are extremely controvercial. On the one side, cross-border trade is increasingly improving, particularly for larger operators. This relates in part to corridor-related initiatives to improve both "hard" aspects such as infrastructures and "soft" aspects such as border and port management, often with the support of donors. On the other side,  the majority of population, small-scale farmers, can not benefit from the corridor development. For example,  Maputo development corridor led to vastly improved infrastructures, but at the same time it served political interests, the more powerful South African private sector and Mozambican elites, with little benefit for poor people and small-scale producers. SAGCOT Corridor had similar controversies:  it atttracted international agribusinesses, but the process was also being driven by those powerful international agribusinesses and a majority of population was excluded.

// CAADP can make the change

CAADP can play a crucial role in ensuring that development corridors create additional opportunities and benefits for smallholders, for instance, by upgrading of feeder-roads and storage facilities, and linking them with larger infrastructure developments. Moreover, CAADP has a capacity to promote synergies between policies and investments for agriculture growth and corridors development, that are essential to develop necessary 'soft' infrastructure. Besides, regional commitment is cruicial for bringing transfrontier projects to a success. Otherwise there is a risk, that a country with a stronger ecomony would reap the benefits of the initiative.

Given the wide and growing interest in the corridor development approach, MDC and SAGCOT corridors could serve as an experimental site for informing and guiding future CAADP initiatives. 

// Downloads

ECDPM__ Corridors of plenty or power?__PDF


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Study__ Listening to what aid recipients have to say

cda-collaborative-learning-projectAround 6,000 people in 20 countries that have been receiving aid were interviewed for this book. Their voices are what makes this book an insightful and thought-provoking read.


//  Strengthening climate resilience

"Does the way that international assistance is now organised make sense?" - The book starts out with this fundamental challenge to the status quo. Rather than engage in cross-continental policy analyses, the CDA authors tackle international development cooperation from the receiving sides' view. They explain how grateful people are for aid efforts but that there are always drawbacks: "Many [respondents] describe how assistance begins as a boost to people's spirits and energies, but over time, becomes entrenched as an increasingly complicated system of reciprocated dependence."

The study is laced with numerous quotes from all around the world, which renders the analyses some 

//  Towards a new paradigm?

The authors conclude from their listening that a shift from an externally driven aid delivery system towards a collaborative aid system. The latter views local people as colleagues, not merely recipients, for example. It also fits money and timing to strategy and realities on the ground and is based on collaborative decision-making. They also envision a new funding system - and offer many recommendations consolidated from the thousands of quotes.

//  Background

With "The Listening Project", CDA Collaborative Learning Projects organised teams of “listeners” from international and local aid agencies in 20 countries to gather the voices, insights and ideas of people both inside and outside the aid system between 2005 and 2009.

//  Downloads

Book__ PDF

//  Source

CDA Listening Project


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AFSI__ German contributions strongly focused on agriculture

BMZ-logoMaking good on its 2009 pledge, Germany contributed a total of €833.5 million to the L'Aquila Food Security Initiative (AFSI) in 2011 - with the share of agriculture making up the biggest single block. Germany's 2011 volume of allocated funds has thus considerably increased compared to 2010.


At the 2009 G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy, German chancellor Angela Merkel promised that Germany would provide a total of US$3 billion between 2010 and 2012 to promote rural development and food security in developing countries. In 2010 and 2011, Germany has allocated funds worth close to US$1.5 billion.

The combine G8 pledges amount to a little over US$22.5 billion.

//  2011 AFSI allocated funds__ Regional and topical overviews

Africa and Asia are the regions were most of the funds went in 2011, with about equal shares 43.1 per cent and 43.0 per cent, respectively. Germany uses both financial as well as technical cooperation to support its partner countries. Projects include, for example:

  • Support for professional qualification in agriculture through NEPAD/CAADP
  • Drinking water and sanitary provision 
  • Agricultural development
  • Sustainable forest management in the Congo Basin – Environmental Foundation TNS
  • Infrastructure project in connection with a land reform
  • Promotion of economy and employment – Technical and professional education (TVET)
  • Programme to support rural electrification and sustainable provision of household fuels
  • Clearance of flood damages to rural infrastructure
  • Cultivation of water resources
  • Development of the financial system in rural areas
  • Programme for sustainable management of natural resources

Projects related to agriculture and rural development account for 24 per cent of 2011 spending, rendering it the single biggest item by topic. Other focal areas are rural economic development (apart from agriculture), sustainable management of natural resources and improvements in the political and institutional framework.

Find a full list of projects in the report. The document also explains the budgetary background of German AFSI pledges.

//  Download

Report__ PDF


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Turkey’s dev't assistance policy, TIKA__ How to make sense of the new guy on the block

gmfusTurkey's TIKA is a rising actor in development assistance. What niche will this emerging donor occupy in the global aid community? -- In a policy brief on Turkey, the German Mashall Fund analyses key information about TIKA and Turkish international development policy. Reading recommended by Platform chair Monique Calon. 


 //  Turkey's ODA in global context

As much as it sounds staggering on its own right, Turkey's overseas development assistance (ODA) trajectory is hardly unique. Turkey's growing contributions are in line with the broader trends in the global aid regime. Those studying the qualitative shifts in development cooperation analysis refer to the rise of new donors that are not in the OECD's Development Assistance Committee as major providers of aid. The rising donors and their impact on the traditional development cooperation patterns in many ways reflect the transformation of world economy, whereby the non-Western world accounts for a larger share of the global economic activity and wealth. Therefore, Turkey's growing visibility in this field, first and foremost, must be discussed against the background of the "rising donors" phenomenon. While Turkey is indeed making commendable inroads into this area, it is part of a wider process.

//  The road ahead

Turkey's development aid has expanded in terms of numbers, content, and areas of operation. Just as has been the case for Turkey's foreign policy in general, the challenge now is to ensure the sustainability of this activism, so that the breadth achieved in the last decade throughout the globe does not come at the expense of depth.

In the global context, Turkey will come under pressure to better contextualize its contributions and define its niche in the global aid community. Turkey as a new actor might trigger interesting reactions from other donors. So far, Turkey has managed to find a modus operandi with other players in Eurasia and the Balkans. Turkey might need to walk a fine line as it steps into new territory in Africa or the Middle East, and work carefully to conduct its relations with conventional donors such as France and new donors such as China without running into open confrontation.

// Download

 Turkey's Development Assistance Policy: How to make sense of the new guy on the block__ PDF

// Source

 German Marshall Fund__ On Turkey policy brief series

Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA)

 


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Call for papers__ Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty

To encourage evidence-based research and policies, the World Bank's forum will deal with land rights, urban expansion and the private sector in land governance.WorldBank


//  Moving towards transparent land governance: Evidence-based next steps

Under the theme of "Moving towards transparent land governance: Evidence-based next steps", the 2013 Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty will provide a forum for an evidence-based discussion of innovative approaches to follow up on recent global and regional initiatives, and concrete steps to improve land governance at country level in a way that contributes to poverty reduction, gender equality and sustainable economic growth.

//  Call for papers

Papers are invited for presentations at the conference in six thematic areas:

  1. Securing land rights and improving land use at the grassroots
  2. Adjusting laws and institutions to address urban expansion and governance
  3. Innovative approaches towards spatially enabling land administration and management
  4. Supporting a continuum of rights in a decentralized environment
  5. Mobilizing the private sector to improve land governance
  6. Sharing benefits from exploitation of land-based resources

Individuals interested in presenting at the conference are requested to submit an initial 800 to 1,500 word abstract. Final paper should be between 6,000 and 12,000 words. Submission of an abstract implies also a willingness to review up to four other abstracts. A technical committee will decide on paper acceptance based on the following criteria:

  • Innovative nature
  • Policy relevance
  • Contribution to the literature and body of knowledge more in general
  • Quality of methodology and analytical rigor
  • Links to capacity building 

Deadline for the submission is 15 November 2012. The outcome of the selection will be communicated by 15 December 2012. Individuals that have been selected to present will be required to submit the final version of their paper with a 200 words summary by 1 March 2013. Submission information will be communicated to authors of selected abstracts.

//  Registration and abstract submission

Register for the conference or submit an abstract online here.

//  Source

World Bank

Call for papers


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