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{slide='Policy Coherence for Agricultural and Rural Development'}

// Background and objectives

This Platform knowledge piece assesses the coherence of ARD policies and strategies at global level with those at regional and national levels. Specifically takes into account the Paris Declaration and Accra Action Agenda commitments, as well as other current global ARD and food security policies and strategies.

// Scope

Based on a total of six case studies, two of which are at global level (G8/AFSI and CFA and ARD and CC) and four on country level (Honduras, Cambodia, Mali and Mozambique). These analytical pieces will identify drivers and impediments of coherence and will provide evidence-based data for policy makers.

// Participation

Platform members: OECD as lead, and Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, UK, USA, EC, IFAD, FAO, World Bank. From ODI: Senior Researcher is Steve Wiggins

// Downloads

Concept noteInitial FindingsFinal Draft, Summary of Final Draft for Discussion, Key Findings

{slide='Aid to ARD and food security - Unpacking aid flows for enhanced effectiveness'}

// Background and objectives

The food, fuel and financial crises have raised the interest on the actual volume and the structure of financial flows to agriculture, rural development and food security at national and international level. This Platform knowledge piece reviews trends and composition of development assistance to the sector during the last 15 years, and how these are being affected by the introduction of new aid instruments such as budgetary support and by the emergence of global initiatives on food security and climate change. It aims to contribute to aid effectiveness by improving the understanding of aid flows and looks for evidence that expenditure follows policy trends. Drawing on qualitative and quantitative data, it investigates to which extent aid data provides a useful basis for planning, budget management, accountability and analysis.

// Scope of research

The study encompasses case studies on donors, including Germany, United Kingdom, US, the World Bank, and IFAD, and recipient countries, including Malawi, Nicaragua and Vietnam. Main purpose of the donor studies is to identify best practice in measuring and accounting for aid to ARD and food security, drawing on a selection of four aid agencies. Country studies aim to quantify the volumes of aid to ARD and food security and to discuss the effectiveness of existing aid data recording and accounting systems in three selected countries.

// Management arrangements

Coordinated by the Platform Secretariat, USA and Germany are the Platform members co-leading the study’s technical supervision. Other Platform members closely involved include Canada, the Netherlands, UK, AfDB, GM and OECD. The Overseas Development Institute, with Lidia Cabral being the senior researcher, carries out the study

// Emerging findings

Aid flows and policy trends

Although there have been important shifts in donor policies towards supporting ARD and food security, available international statistical measures on aid to this policy domain do not show this.

The gap between policy and global aid flows to ARD and food security may be due to the narrow scope of definitions used, the difficulty to account for new policy areas of multi-sectoral character (e.g. agricultural value chains, climate change) and the failure to account for aid from non-DAC official donors and private foundations.

The study proposes a broader definition of ARD and food security aid, by reference to the DAC’s Creditor Reporting System CRS aid purpose classification. By applying this broader definition, 17-20% of volume is added to the DAC broader measure of aid to the sector – though trends do not significantly change. Some hypotheses are advanced for the lack of variance in trends, including the smoothing effect of large donors for which the nature of assistance to the sector has not changed significantly, and the fact that some of the new areas of support are relatively less capital intensive and therefore get diluted in the global trends.

Uses of aid data and the quest for transparency and accountability

Aid flow data are broadly used for operational management, public accountability, strategic planning and international comparison. The specific required features of data vary according to the purpose aid measurement serves.

Policy relevance of aid data may not be a prioritised feature but it is one that is fundamental to inform policy and to assess effectiveness of development assistance. ARD and food security is a cross-sectoral policy domain and therefore a thematic classification of aid and expenditure may be more adequate than a sectoral one, at least for strategic planning and analytical purposes.

Global demands to improve accountability and transparency strongly challenge ARD and food security because of its dispersed nature. Therefore, defining what constitutes aid to ARD and food security is urgently necessary, since measurability is a prerequisite for results-based management and mutual accountability. While this is recognised by most donors, the challenge has yet to be met.

// Downloads

Concept note - Revised draft  ,  Preliminary observations  ,  Presentation on preliminary observations, Final draft, Key Findings

 

{slide='Strategic role of private sector in ARD'}

// Background and objectives

This Platform knowledge piece assesses the role of the private sector in reducing poverty in rural areas. The private sector’s role in agricultural value chains in developing countries has changed considerably over the past 20 years - due, in part, to the general withdrawal of state involvement. The study looks at the impact of the ‘rolling back’ of direct state involvement in the agricultural sector in terms of the changing role of the state, the response from the private sector and the impact upon agriculture growth and the livelihoods of rural households. The implications of these profound changes in the rural sector for aid policy will be investigated.

// Scope

  1. Desk review of the evidence on the impact of ‘rolling back’ the direct involvement of the state in the agricultural sector
  2. Review the evidence on the changes in the role of the private sector in response to deregulation - but also as a result of other processes such as globalization and technological innovation
  3. Series of case studies where the private sector has been able to engage with the agricultural sector in a way that has made a positive contribution to rural development
  4. Indicate some of the implications for donors based upon evidence of what donors have been doing to stimulate enterprise in the rural sector

// Participation

Platform member participation: to be identified. ODI: Jonathan Mitchell, Senior Researcher.

// Downloads

Concept noteprogress report

{/slides}