Countries have shared their intention and willingness to link agriculture to climate change. 80% of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) name agriculture as one major vehicle to counterbalance increasingly stressful climate conditions, which FAO has analysed and provided a summary. Furthermore, National Adaptation Plans (NAPS) offer many opportunities for countries to redirect agriculture and rural development towards sustainability given the past and future impacts of climate change.
The agreement achieved at COP 23 is the first substantive outcome and COP decision in the history of the UNFCCC processes on agriculture. It established the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA) to develop and implement new strategies for adaptation and mitigation within the agriculture sector, that will help reduce emissions from the sector as well as build its resilience to the effects of climate change. The KJWA role was clarified at COP 24 as a collaboration between the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation. They will focus on addressing approaches to food security, the vulnerability of agriculture to climate change, and how to mitigate agriculture’s contribution to climate change.
Overall, many international and regional development and finance institutions have established important portfolios for climate relevant interventions. The Global Donor Platform facilitates the donor and IFI response to the climate challenge in agriculture and rural development. Many strategic and programmatic issues still need to be clarified and approaches agreed upon with regard to ARD and bilateral finance availability, the World Bank’s Global Environment Facility, the Climate Finance Facility, the Green Climate Fund, and private sector investments. IFAD is currently mainstreaming climate resilience components into their regular lending portfolio, while grant provisions through IFAD’s Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme will continue.