The Paris Agreement of the FCCC on climate change action opened new windows of opportunity to jointly address adaptation and mitigation of climate impacts in the rural space of developing countries. The outcomes of the COP 22 in Marrakech brought the operationalisation of the Paris Agreement several steps further. The real breakthrough was achieved at the COP 23 under the Fijian Presidency: the adoption by the countries of an agreement on agriculture to address climate change and food security. The agreement is the first substantive outcome and COP decision in the history of the UNFCCC processes on agriculture, after negotiations that have lasted more than six years. It establishes the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture to develop and implement new strategies for adaptation and mitigation within the agriculture sector, that will help reduce emissions from the sector as well as build its resilience to the effects of climate change.
One of the main tasks of the upcoming 24th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC will be to bring this work even further and adopt decisions ensuring the implementation of the Paris Agreement, in order to fight climate change.