Moreover, it was decided that each indicator will have a ‘custodian’ agency, responsible for collecting data from national sources, providing the storyline for the annual global SDG progress report, providing and updating metadata, working on further methodological development, contributing to statistical capacity building, and coordinating with other agencies and stakeholders interested in contributing to the indicator development. The IAEG-SDG clarified that SDG indicators comprise a core set of metrics that all countries commit to report on. They will form the basis for annual SDG reports. Data to inform global indicators should be produced to the extent possible by national statistical systems, except for certain indicators. Global indicators can be complemented with but not replaced by national- or thematic-specific indicators.
In April 2016, custodian agencies for Tier I (and some Tier II) indicators delivered storylines and statistical annexes to the Secretariat for the preparation of the first edition of the global SDG progress reports. By July 2016, custodian agencies for Tier III indicators will need to delivered detailed action plans for the methodological development of these indicators. The action plans will be reviewed by the IAEG-SDG and should be finalized by September 15th. FAO has been identified as custodian for 20 SDG indicators spanning Goals 2, 5, 6, 12, 14, and 15. FAO will also be contributing to around five further indicators, with a different agency in the role of custodian. This includes indicator 1.4.2 under the custodianship of the World Bank/UN-Habitat, developed on behalf of the Global Donor Working Group on Land. When compared to the four indicators FAO was responsible for under the MDGs, 20 SDG indicators represent a quantitative leap that amounts to a qualitative leap. To meet this challenge, FAO is emphasizing internal coordination under the FAO Chief Statistician, with designated focal points for each indicator and outreach and information activities for FAO country offices; and it is rolling out a number of statistical capacity development initiatives to help equip countries to collect the necessary data.
The current SDG indicator framework is expected to remain in place at least until 2020, when the first comprehensive review is scheduled