In the interview the professor for international food economics at Göttingen University expresses for a nutrition investment strategy to achieve more impact on the ground. Two aspects were key: More investments in direct nutrition and health interventions to solve acute problems and to overcome vicious circles of child malnutrition, and secondly to recognise the role of investments in agriculture per sé, because the agricultural sector was vital not only as a source of food, but a source of income and employment for many undernourished people.
Modernising the small farm sector and enhancing the diversity of production all the way up to improving the incomes, income abilities and the market access, all these were factors that ultimately improved nutrition. It held true for the most part of the developing world.
To contribute its part the development finance sector should have a good understanding of what types of agricultural investments were particularly nutrition-sensitive. However, improving market access was also important because market transactions were critical for sufficient access to diverse types of foods which allowed for healthy diets. Qaim said it was a mistake to believe that smallholder farmers should be subsistent and try to produce all the diversity of food on their own farm. What they needed was a productive farming systems, market access, and through that came into a position of having sufficient incomes, plus knowledge about health and nutrition.