These dynamics cannot be ignored, but rather addressed proactively. G20 under the German presidency launched the rural youth employment initiative, which shows the broad agreement on the issue. BMZ is now seeing youth employment as a crosscutting issue that should be addressed in all agriculture, rural development and food security programs. Investments in these sectors will offer the biggest opportunities for job creation, and thus create the greatest return and benefit.
However, the aspirations of young people are not necessarily linked to the rural areas. The process of urbanization is ongoing and will strengthen in the future. So one of the biggest challenges will be to make rural areas more attractive by exploring the linkages to urban and peri-urban areas. Technology and communications, as well as lower transportation costs can transfer the advantages of the cities to the rural areas and connect them better culturally and politically.