Johan: The current global crisis is an additional negative factor adding to the problems we already had. Before COVID-19, we already had a worsening food and malnutrition situation. COVID-19 has made this worse. It reinforced the problems and now with the crisis following the Ukraine war, we see that the prices of oil and fertiliser and of food were already high and now they're spiking, so that makes the issue more complicated.
The other thing is the sequence of crises and shocks means we have to start thinking in terms of that the normal factor is instability. Large price and market fluctuations have become the rule rather than the exception, and so we need to make sure that all the things we do are taking resilience at the heart of the problem and as a core part of the solution that we put forward.
A lot of the actions recommended by the Global Donor Platform, which are part of the White Paper they just came out with, are relevant today. However, it is important to adjust the policies for changing situations. What also is clear is that during these crisis situations it may be difficult for countries to stay with their sustainability commitments, both in the Global South and North. That may reinforce the need for coordination, because through coordination and cooperation, you may prevent local governments from moving into directions which are not sustainable in the long run.