Not every country has been included within the GHI due to insufficient data, but this does not mean that the state of hunger and undernutrition in these countries should be ignored. Seven of these unreported countries-Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, and Syria-are experiencing “conflict, political unrest, and/or extreme poverty,” which has “precipitated substantial flows of forced migration, which is closely associated with food insecurity”.
Typically, hunger varies regionally within a country’s borders. This presents a range of challenges to countries who must shape interventions and policies to meet the needs of individual areas. Urban areas in many countries generally have the lowest levels of stunting in comparison to the rest of the country; however, in other countries, there are other areas where stunting is quite high relative to the country as a whole.