The document links agriculture and food production to nutrition with special attention paid to the most vulnerable, suffering from hunger, malnutrition and undernutrition – children and women. The EU and its member states commit to work across sectors to ensure food security and crises affected areas and build up the resilience to future shocks.
Furthermore, the consensus recognizes the leading role of the agricultural sector in the efforts to reduce poverty and enhance sustainable development. Not only do the most vulnerable groups depend on subsistence agricultural production, but agriculture is also a key economic sector for many developing countries. Therefore the EU and its member states reiterate the need for coordinated action to support the integration of sustainable agricultural practices that contribute to sustainable resource management, while increasing productivity and enabling farmers to increase their incomes through trade.
International cooperation should in one hand promote the creation of farmers’ organisations to address productivity and processing issues and on the other hand help develop agricultural markets and value chains that will benefit the poor and most vulnerable. Investments should target job creation and diversification of production systems, as well as limiting post-harvest losses and adapting to climate change.