With this decision, the issues related to agriculture are elevated to the higher level of strategic debate in the SBI, the body which advises the convention „through the assessment and review of the effective implementation of the Convention, its Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement“. The latter contains the Nationally Determined Contributions to adaptation and mitigation by the individual countries.
The FAO analysis Agricultural Sectors in the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) - Analysis shows that the vast majority of all countries consider agriculture as crucial in mitigation actions. Furthermore, the analysis outlines “the mitigation potential of agriculture (...) is prominently acknowledged at all levels of socio-economic development and among developing countries in all regions. 86 percent of the developing countries, 88 percent of the countries in transition and 98 percent of developed countries include agriculture (...) in their mitigation contributions.”
These are convincing arguments for the international agriculture support community to triple its efforts in positioning agriculture as one of the priority policy areas. This is not only for adaptation of agricultural production systems to climate change, but also to address mitigation actions through land use measures and move forward the methodology of Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) particulalry for small-holder agriculture which is rather complicated and costly.