The NDC-P was launched during COP22 in 2016 in Marrakech as a global initiative to help countries achieve their NDCs and to ensure that financial and technical assistance is delivered as efficiently as possible. NDCs were formalized during COP 21 as part of the 2015 Paris Agreement and are voluntarily offered by all country Parties to the UNFCCC. NDCs are ambitious when it comes to agricultural sectors, (defined as crops, livestock, fisheries, aquaculture, and forestry), and one of the main topics of discussion of the TWG meeting was the special nature of the agriculture sectors and their key roles in countries’ NDCs.
Agriculture is recognized as a major contributor to climate change and the NDCs. According to a FAO study from 2017, many agriculture sectors are featured prominently in countries’ NDCs and are among the foremost priorities in their mitigation contributions and adaptation objectives. 89% of all countries and 86% of all developing countries refer to agriculture (crops and livestock) and/or land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) when outlining their mitigation contributions. 98% of the countries that include priority areas for adaptation and/or adaptation actions mention agriculture sectors.
The TWG was initiated midway through 2017 in response to NDC-P member countries requesting a group with the purpose of assisting countries in exchanging knowledge, experiences, and challenges concerning NDC implementation in agricultural sectors. The TWG also helps to build countries’ capacity to identify, formulate, and ultimately accommodate NDC-related support needs in agricultural sectors. The core function of the TWG is to foster countries’ climate change action in agricultural sectors so that they live up to its full potential to adapt, mitigate, and yield co-benefits from climate change. The FAO facilitates the TWG.
After a warm welcome to participants from Alexander Jones, Climate and Environment Division Director at FAO, Thibaud Voïta, the NDC-P’s Support Unit’s Head of Knowledge Products, spoke to the group on the link between the TWG and the NDC-P. The NDC Support Unit supports countries in the development and implementation of their NDCs in a country-driven process. Their Knowledge Portal website provides many useful knowledge products, as well. Voïta supported suggestions for more joint activities between the TWG and the NDC-P, for example, climate smart agriculture, involving private sector in agriculture activities, and better links between the NDC-P and the TWG in in-country engagement.