At a more operational level, the authors suggest two key recommendations:
1. Establishing dialogue and learning-from-practice culture
Donors and development partners that already have more integrated approaches between ARD and AfT (such as ITC, DFAT-Australia, EIF, GAFSP) could regularly share their experience with other donors, discuss the challenges they face, and further investigate and document what does and does not work in these integrated approaches seems for greater development impact´.
2. Making minor shifts in how programmes are designed and implemented
For example, donors could organise ARD-AfT multistakeholder dialogues and develop a joint ARD-AfT agenda and action plan. They could also develop a checklist or score card for assessing policy coherence and complementarity between ARD and AfT in their programmes.