Over the past several years, the number of people unable to meet their daily food needs without humanitarian assistance has been rising due to two main factors: persistent instability in conflict-ridden regions and adverse climate events. Although the increase in humanitarian assistance is crucial in saving lives and alleviating human suffering, it does not address the root causes that give rise to food crises.
In response, the 2019 Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) provides the global and national food security community with current, independent, and consensus-based information on the severity, magnitude, and drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition in food crisis contexts. This information supports humanitarian and development actors to plan and fund evidence-based responses, while using the data to seek high-level political action for robust solutions to food crises. Fifteen agencies in the international humanitarian and development community contributed to the 2019 GRFC by contributing their data, analysis, knowledge, and expertise regarding food insecurity and malnutrition in countries facing crisis.
The report uses the integrated food security phase classifications (IPC) or the Cadre Harmonise (CH) as a protocol for classifying the severity and magnitude of acute food insecurity. The number of people in IPC/CH Phase 3 or above is used to assess the number of food-insecure people in need of urgent assistance. Populations in Crisis (IPC/CH Phase 3), Emergency (IPC/CH Phase 4), and Catastrophe/Famine (IPC/CH Phase 5) are considered to be in need of urgent food, nutrition, and livelihood assistance. Populations in Stressed (IPC/CH Phase 2) require a different set of actions, such as disaster risk reduction and livelihoods protection interventions.