Migration is a natural process that intensifies when structural transformation takes place. The development in the Sub Saharan region and the shift towards industrialization strengthens the rural-urban migration. In some cases, migration is forced due to poverty, food insecurity or due to environmental or political conditions. More often, migration is a choice for rural livelihoods to try to adapt to new conditions and reach new opportunities. Migration can be temporary, circular or permanent. Even if perceived as challenges, migration can offer benefits for both countries of origin and destination countries. At destination, migrants can provide skills missing in the labour force and in the country of origin; they reduce pressure on natural resources and through remittances contribute to diversification of income sources, thus providing security and minimising risks.