Publication [ID: 95]

Regional analysis of the nationally determined contributions to Eastern Africa

Gaps and opportunities in the agriculture sectors

The first of the regional series released by FAO covers Eastern Africa. The analysis looks into the regional circumstances for policies aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while ensuring food security. The authors see policy development in this area as a challenge since agriculture is the driver of rural economy for many of the Eastern African countries and at the same time, the sector accounts for approximately 67% of emissions in the region.

Mitigation and adaptation in the NDCs

In Eastern Africa, all 18 countries committed themselves to reducing GHG net emissions and increasing climate change resilience. 16 countries feature agriculture, land use and forestry in their mitigation contributions, and all 18 countries include agriculture in the adaptation component of their NDCs.

The analysis looks more in detail at the targets, policies and measures for mitigation in the agriculture sectors identified by the countries. In a next step, the authors focus on the regional baseline net emission and mitigation target analysis. Finally, the analysis identifies gaps and opportunities to enhance mitigation ambitions. In the next chapter, FAO summarises the priority actions and cross-sectoral measures that relate to adaptation in the agriculture sector. As with the mitigation, the report identifies gaps and opportunities to enhance the adaptation ambitions.

In conclusion, the report identifies possible synergies between the sectors and measures, and priority areas for scaling up international support.

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