The report looks into the issue of value chain development. With the stronger focus on urban and peri-urban markets, the weight of the downstream part of the value chains is growing. This requires a set of reforms to the value chains in order to absorb the new demand and produce in ways that transport the benefits of stronger rural-urban linkages. The growing cities bring higher demand, but also stress the agricultural sector and the poor in the urban centers are often more prone to food insecurity.
The rapid process of urbanisation is causing a change of diets, positive and negative. IFPRI calls for policies/reforms that will target consumer behavior, food environments and food systems in rural as well as urban areas. In the last chapter, the authors conclude that linking urban planning policies to food security issues will create great opportunities to ensure nutritional stability in affected regions and contribute to the implementation of several SDGs.