Secure land tenure rights for all are essential to reduce poverty and create sustainable development, ecological sustainability, and social inclusion. It enables people in rural and urban areas to invest in their livelihoods and their homes. Insecure tenure continues create high social costs and threatens the social cohesion of regions, nations and world regions.
To support future programmatic decisions by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), this paper focusses especially on impacts and good practices. It not only highlights examples from the German technical cooperation but also includes good practices achieved by other development Partners.
Based on evolving evidence, this policy paper highlights the following key promising elements necessary for tackling the land tenure question in the global south:
This paper also discusses examples of BMZ support to secure tenure implemented by GIZ including the registration of private and communal land in the Laos, formalization of primary and secondary land rights in Uganda, Land tittle for indigenous people in Peru, Responsible agricultural investments in Ethiopia and Allocation of federal public land in Brazil.
It further highlights the outcomes and impacts (which have been categorized into social, economic and environmental impacts) of land registration projects using case studies around the world.This policy paper concludes by highlighting challenges and recommendations going forward.